2. The Structural Condition of the Personal Agreement (SCOPA): A Functional Category F may carry the characteristics `1` or `2 if and only if an F projection is merged with an NP with this feature and if F is used as the name for the resulting sentence. (52) Over a period of two decades, Mark Baker produced a remarkable series of books, each being an ambitious linguistic study on another facet of syntax: grammatical function change (Baker 1988), incorporation of Noun and Pronoun (Baker 1996) and word classes (Baker 2003). In the syntax of accord and Concord (SAC), B supports the syntactic distribution of the person, number and sex (Phi characteristics) in grammatical concordance. As in previous studies, B proposes a unique theory and helps with data from a variety of languages. B`s work is unusual in its combination of in-depth analysis and range of languages covered. In his own variant of Noam Chomsky`s minimalist program, but also with typological research methods, B finds profound formal similarities that lie beneath the apparent variety of languages and develops formal syntactic models from which these generalizations can be deduced. Like an intrepid scientific explorer who travels by dog sled on one side and canoeing on the other, B crosses a varied, often difficult, linguistic terrain to test his hypotheses. The book will help define the field in the years to come. It is necessary to read for scholars of grammatical concordance, and at the very top of the proposed playlist for each syntactic. In Ch. 1, “Introduction: Category distinctions as a window on the theory of agreement,” B begins with Stassens (1997) universal agreement: people`s agreement favors verbs over other categories.
In Spanish, for example, verbs correspond in number and number, while adjectives correspond in number and gender, but not in person (e.g. 23, p. 22). Many languages are like Spanish; In others, verbs and predictors are personally in tune with their subjects (see 5). After Stassen (1997), the back of Spanish, where the person`s chord is marked on adjectives, but not on verbs, is not confirmed. B asks why this asymmetry should be present. “Agreement” is the grammatical phenomenon in which the shape of a post, such as the name “horses. B” is a second point of the sentence, such as the verb “galop,” in some form, that is: